The Institute of Arctic Biology invites you to share in our years of research, teaching, and public service. This timeline is a collaborative effort of past and present faculty, staff, and students.
He was the leader of the first scientific group to exploit the investigative opportunitites at the site later know as the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory in Barrow, Alaska (1947-1949). This effort led to the establishment of the laboratory, and Irving served as its first director. He then became chief of the physiology section at the newly established Arctic Health Research Center in Anchorage, Alaska (1949-1962). Irving was instrumental in the establishment of the Alaska Science Conferences and served as the president of the first conference.
In 1962 he moved to the University of Alaska Fairbanks where he organized and served as the founding director of the Institute of Arctic Biology until his retirement in 1966. Irving was active in research, writing, and professional affairs until his death in 1979.
The U.S. offices of the TBP were housed in IAB and participating faculty included Professor George C. West (later an IAB director), Robert G. White (later an IAB director), Patrick Flanagan, Steve MacLean, and later F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III.
Research was conducted by former IAB Directors Robert G. White and George C. West, and Professors Steve MacLean and F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III.
He was last studying the nutrition, metabolism, seasonal changes in water and fat content, and fatty acid composition of arctic plants and animals, and the migratory behavior, food habits and fat deposition of birds migrating to Alaska. As deputy director of the International Biological Program Tundra Biome study he assisted in coordinating much of the ecological research related to tundra and taiga ecosystems in Alaska.
The station initially consisted of a group of tents and a small trailer that was a combination lab-kitchen-social center-bug relief zone lining the sides of an old airstrip. You can still see rings of stones on the airstrip that were used to weigh down the tents.
In 1983 'lake' was dropped from the name and the site became Toolik Field Station.
In 1977, Bligh came to UAF as the director of IAB and Life Science Teaching Departments.
In 2008, in response to an inquiry about his time at IAB he wrote, "Generally speaking, we stuck together and did our very best to keep IAB afloat in sometimes very choppy waters."
The intent was to maintain a colony that would be available for nutritional, physiological and behavioral research, and to provide a location close to the university where research could take place on large, wild ungulates in captivity.
The project was under the direction of then-Associate Professor Robert G. White and IAB Interim Director George C. West.
John Teal captured a new set of wild muskoxen calves in Greenland and started the first colony at IAB's Large Animal Research Station. Teal later took those animals to start the Muskox Development Corporation in Palmer, Alaska.
Robert G. White, then-associate professor and former IAB director, captured calves on Nunivak Island, Canada, which were related to the Bronx Zoo animals. He brought the calves to Alaska and IAB's Large Animal Research Station to establish a research colony under his direction and that of Robert A Dieterich, DVM.
Located in Interior Alaska, the program focuses on improving understanding of the long-term consequences of changing climate and disturbance regimes in Alaska's boreal forests. The primary objective is to document major controls over forest dynamics, biogeochemistry, and disturbance and their interactions in the face of a changing climate. The site was originally managed by Keith Van Cleve, Les Viereck, and Ted Dyrness as principal and co-principal investigators.
He has one of the highest publication records at the university, and possesses the ability to share his methods and findings with a multitude of audiences. He's also noted for his cross-disciplinary accomplishments.
Chapin leads the research efforts of the Bonanza Creek Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program and serves on numerous committees and editorial boards around the globe. He's an award-winning researcher who still makes time to work with students, including undergraduate, graduate, doctoral candidates and postdoctoral fellows.
Current research projects include hibernation genomics: mechanisms for metabolic suppression and neural protection. He is the science director and co-principal investigator of IAB's Toolik Field Station.
The purpose of CANHR is to investigate weight, nutrition, and health in Alaska Natives from a genetic, dietary, and cultural-behavioral perspective.
The original funding came through the NIH program for Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence and the National Center for Research Resources. This project was and continues to developed in partnership with the Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation.
Bowyer’s research focuses on the behavior and ecology of large mammals. He and his students have worked extensively on moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, caribou, Dall’s sheep, bighorn sheep, mountain lions, wolves, coyotes and fisher. While at UAF Bowyer has trained eight Ph.D. students and 20 master’s students, as well as taught in the wildlife undergraduate program.
It's always the busiest people who get the most done. McGuire, a professor of ecology for IAB and an assistant unit leader in ecology for AKCFWRU, is busy in spades.
According to his resume McGuire has been published in 64 refereed journals, reviewed 47 proposals for funding agencies, completed 17 research projects, and is actively working on 10 new projects. In between research and teaching McGuire reviewed 87 manuscripts for refereed journals.
"This (manuscript reviews) is what keeps the whole scientific structure afloat," said William Reeburgh, journal editor of Global Biogeochemical Cycles and the person who nominated McGuire for the AGU citation.
WHEREAS McGuire has maintained a vigorous research program that actively seeks the participation of undergraduate and graduate students, availing students of the opportunity to work on innovative research as part of their educational development; and
WHEREAS McGuire has won international acclaim for his prolific and wide-ranging research; and has been awarded numerous grants, awards and honors; and has established a body of work that will continue to influence the science of global warming for generations to come;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the University of Alaska Fairbanks takes great pride in the achievements and contributions of its faculty and extends its sincere appreciation and gratitude to A. David McGuire; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the University, in recognizing the extraordinary excellence in research demonstrated by A. David McGuire, bestows upon him the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Research Award on this day of May 7, 2007.
The award, which honors an individual who has made outstanding contributions to moose research and management, requires recipients to have extensive field, academic, and administrative experience related to moose and a strong record of writing, editing, and peer review.
"Kris is the quintessential moose biologist," said R. Terry Bowyer, UAF professor of wildlife biology, emeritus, now at Idaho State University. "His research on the genetics and evolution of moose has completely revolutionized the way biologists understand the origins of moose and their colonization of the New World."
"His innovation and seminar scholarly accomplishments are stellar, born fromhis deep and abiding commitment to multicultural issues and topics especially those germane to Indian and Native populations," said Joseph Trimble, professor of psychology at Western Washington University, who nominated Mohatt.
WHEREAS Dr. Mohatt has secured significant grants for the development and continuation of these vital studies; and has been a valued colleague and mentor to other researchers in the program, thereby expanding the breadth and quality of its scope and findings; and
WHEREAS Dr. Mohatt has won the respect of many Alaska Natives for the sensitivity he displays in addressing the particular social and cultural needs and expectations of rural and Alaska Native communities; and for his role in ensuring their close participation in planning, executing and analyzing the studies;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the University of Alaska Fairbanks takes great pride in the achievements and contributions of its faculty and extends its sincere appreciation and gratitude to Dr. Gerald V. Mohatt; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the University, in recognizing the extraordinary excellence in research demonstrated by Dr. Gerald V. Mohatt, bestows upon him the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Research Award on this day of May 5, 2008.
WHEREAS Dr. Boone’s dedication to student success and his energetic use of active-learning techniques in the classroom result in consistently outstanding assessment scores from his students; and devotes equal enthusiasm to teaching undergraduates, graduates and lifelong learners; and
WHEREAS Dr. Boone is developing the abilities of others to teach science successfully through the establishment of a graduate course in teaching science at the University; and is seeking to expand excellence in science education throughout Alaska;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the University of Alaska Fairbanks takes great pride in the achievements and contributions of its faculty and extends its sincere appreciation and gratitude to Dr. Richard D. Boone; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the University, in recognizing the extraordinary excellence in teaching demonstrated by Dr. Richard D. Boone, bestows upon him the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Teaching Award on this day of May 3, 2010.
Griffith is internationally recognized for his research in caribou biology, especially in migration and population dynamics of the Porcupine Caribou Herd, his research on Yukon River Basin ecological structure and function, and his work toward incorporating the effects of climate variability into the structured decision making and adaptive management of Alaska’s wildlife resources.
“With this award Toolik Field Station is now considered a major NSF facility, said Marion Syndonia “Donie” Bret-Harte, principal investigator for the award and scientist at UAF’s Institute of Arctic Biology.
Permafrost thaw will release approximately the same amount of carbon as deforestation, say the authors, but the effect on climate will be 2.5 times bigger because emissions include methane, which has a greater effect on warming than carbon dioxide.
The survey, led by University of Florida researcher Edward Schuur and University of Alaska Fairbanks graduate student Benjamin Abbott, asked climate experts what percentage of the surface permafrost is likely to thaw, how much carbon will be released and how much of that carbon will be methane. The authors estimate that the amount of carbon released by 2100 will be 1.7 to 5.2 times larger than reported in recent modeling studies, which used a similar warming scenario.
Barnes was recognized for distinguished contributions to leadership in arctic science and research in hibernation and cryobiology: the study of the effects of low temperatures on living things. Barnes is the director of the UAF Institute of Arctic Biology and the science director at Toolik Field Station.
“If bees and other pollinators abandon native berries for invasive plants like sweet clover, we could see a lot fewer fruits on these plants,” said Mulder, a scientist at the UAF Institute of Arctic Biology who leads a project studying whether the presence of sweet clover can alter the production of bog blueberries and mountain cranberries.
The 1,378-square foot research space will have rooms for long-distance teleconferencing, physical activity measurements, and nutritional data collection, among other uses.
“The next five years are critical,” said Bert Boyer, CANHR director. “We have a good track record with our work over the last 10 years in Alaska Native health disparities. We have a great opportunity to add to our knowledge.”
“To breathe air with a lung you need more than a lung, you need neural circuitry that is sensitive to carbon dioxide,” said Michael Harris, an IAB neuroscientist and lead researcher on a project investigating the mechanisms that generate and control breathing.
Harris and colleagues think that air breathing likely evolved in an ancestral vertebrate that did not have a lung, but did have a rhythm generator.
McGuire was recognized for distinguished contributions to the field of terrestrial ecology, particularly for the role of arctic and boreal terrestrial ecosystems in the climate system. He is a professor of ecology at UAF’s Institute of Arctic Biology and Department of Biology and Wildlife and assistant leader of ecology in the USGS Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit.
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