The Institute of Arctic Biology invites you to share in our years of research, teaching, and public service. This timeline is a collaborative effort of past and present faculty, staff, and students.
The official signing of the cooperative agreement establishing the Alaska Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit on January 15, 1949 in Juneau, Alaska. The unit, now known as the Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit and administratively part of IAB, is part of a nationwide cooperative program initiated in 1935 to promote research and graduate student training, and is staffed by U.S. Geological Survey-salaried scientists who hold regular faculty appointments and IAB-salaried personnel who provide administrative support.
Laurence Irving was a pioneer in the field of comparative physiology. The very existence of the field and recognition of its contribution to our understanding of the natural world, so obvious today, are due in large measure to Irving's creative and visionary approach to science.
He was the leader of the first scientific group to exploit the investigative opportunitites at the site later know as the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory in Barrow, Alaska (1947-1949). This effort led to the establishment of the laboratory, and Irving served as its first director. He then became chief of the physiology section at the newly established Arctic Health Research Center in Anchorage, Alaska (1949-1962). Irving was instrumental in the establishment of the Alaska Science Conferences and served as the president of the first conference.
In 1962 he moved to the University of Alaska Fairbanks where he organized and served as the founding director of the Institute of Arctic Biology until his retirement in 1966. Irving was active in research, writing, and professional affairs until his death in 1979.
The Farner Committee, in its report to the University of Alaska president, recommended the establishment of an institute of arctic biology to "... contribute extensively to the knowledge which will permit man to live more successfully in the arctic environment and to use its resources with greater wisdom." Read the complete report.
Laurence Irving, scientist and founding IAB director, proposed and sustained the view that seals and other diving animals undergo long periods without breathing by electively restricting circulation to the brain and heart. He investigated animals in cold climates and showed how warm-blooded animals maintain warmth by effective insulation provided by fur, or as in bare extremities of seals and pigs by allowing the considerable superficial shell to cool. He continued surveys of the integration of heterothermous superficial tissues with the homeothermos center in animals and humans. He investigated the adaptation of cold-blooded animals and plants to low Arctic temperatures. He also analyzed the migration of birds to their Arctic nesting grounds, which exhibit programs of organization of the populations in space and time.
What is known as West Ridge on the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus began with $1.1 million in federal grants, along with general obligation bonds approved by Alaska voters to fund a $29 million building on the hill west of the University of Alaska Fairbanks as part of a proposed arctic research park.
Led by Director Laurence Irving, IAB's research began with studies on physiological aspects of environmental adaptations in animals and has expanded to include plant and animial communities and ecosystems, wildlife biology, human biology and biomedical science, and cellular and molecular biology.
Professor of Zoophysiology and IAB Director Peter Morrison's research interests focused on environmental physiology with special reference to adaptations in energy metabolism, temperature regulation, hibernation, and altitude. He organized physiological expeditions to Alaska, Australia, and South America. He was also interested in coagulation and protein chemistry. His later programs focused on adaptations of boreal and alpine rodents to their environments and biochemical systematics of their proteins.
IAB established the Cantwell Reindeer Research Station in 1967 with reindeer obtained from herders in Western Alaska. This program was led by Professors Jack R. Luick, Robert A Dieterich,DVM, Raymond D Cameron and later Robert G. White.
IAB's first botanical research program was focused on revegetation along the trans-Alaska oil pipeline. The project was directed by Keith Van Cleve and included plant physiologist Brent McCown; field manager John Bryant; and then-graduate student (now professor emeritus) F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III.
During the spring of 1970, the Tundra Biome Program of the U.S. International Biological Program undertook the design of a series of short-term, interrelated experiments and observations that would produce basic information on the functioning of cold-dominated ecosystems and would also begin to answer questions concerning their responsiveness to natural and artificial impact. This was the first ecosystem research program in IAB.
The U.S. offices of the TBP were housed in IAB and participating faculty included Professor George C. West (later an IAB director), Robert G. White (later an IAB director), Patrick Flanagan, Steve MacLean, and later F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III.
F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III was IAB's first tenure-track botanist. Chapin is an ecosystem ecologist whose research addresses the sustainability of ecosystems and human communities in a rapidly changing planet. His work emphasizes the impacts of climate change on Alaskan ecology, subsistence resources, and indigenous communities, as a basis for developing climate-change adaptation plans.
The National Science Foundation supported a number of projects known as Research on Arctic Tundra Environments. RATE was part of the Man and Biosphere Program, Project 6, Impact of Human Activities on Mountain and Tundra Ecosystems. Terrestrial studies including grazing ecology were located on the Meade River in Atqasuk, Alaska.
Research was conducted by former IAB Directors Robert G. White and George C. West, and Professors Steve MacLean and F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III.
IAB Acting Director George C. West's major interests were in the physiology and ecology of birds and the energetics of consumer populations in arctic and subarctic ecosystems. He was interested in the total bioenergenetics of wild birds in nature including food habits, metabolism, and temperature regulation.
He was last studying the nutrition, metabolism, seasonal changes in water and fat content, and fatty acid composition of arctic plants and animals, and the migratory behavior, food habits and fat deposition of birds migrating to Alaska. As deputy director of the International Biological Program Tundra Biome study he assisted in coordinating much of the ecological research related to tundra and taiga ecosystems in Alaska.
The first exchange visit by IAB to Russia was to the Institute of Biological Problems of the North (pictured here in more recent times) by IAB Director George West, Keith Van Cleve, Associate Professor Steve MacLean, Associate Professor Bob White, and Assistant Professor F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III.
In July 1975 a team of scientists including (left to right) Jerry Brown (Director of Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory), John Hobbie (faculty at North Carolina State University, Philip Miller (San Diego State University), Michael Miller (faculty at University of Cincinnati), and Vera Alexander (faculty at Institute of Marine Science, University of Alaska Fairbanks), selected a decommissioned pipeline construction airstrip near Toolik Lake just north of Atigun Pass as an aquatic research site, the beginning of what would become IAB's Toolik Field Station.
In July 1975, a 16-foot travel trailer belonging to the University of Alaska Fairbanks Institute of Marine Science, was placed at the north end of Toolik Lake, thereby establishing the Toolik Lake Field Station.
The station initially consisted of a group of tents and a small trailer that was a combination lab-kitchen-social center-bug relief zone lining the sides of an old airstrip. You can still see rings of stones on the airstrip that were used to weigh down the tents.
In 1983 'lake' was dropped from the name and the site became Toolik Field Station.
John Bligh, born in London, England, was a research assistant at the National Institute for Medical Research and graduated from University College London in 1950 with a B.Sc. in physiology and a Ph.D. in 1952. He studied experimental surgery relating to thermoregulation at the Hannah Research Institute in Scotland, then worked at the Institute of Physiology in Cambridge, England; then the Secondment to Makerere University in Uganda; and in 1972 then went to the Royal Society in Lima, Peru as a visiting professor.
In 1977, Bligh came to UAF as the director of IAB and Life Science Teaching Departments.
In 2008, in response to an inquiry about his time at IAB he wrote, "Generally speaking, we stuck together and did our very best to keep IAB afloat in sometimes very choppy waters."
A major grant from the National Science Foundation's Office of Polar Programs established a colony of muskoxen at IAB.
The intent was to maintain a colony that would be available for nutritional, physiological and behavioral research, and to provide a location close to the university where research could take place on large, wild ungulates in captivity.
The project was under the direction of then-Associate Professor Robert G. White and IAB Interim Director George C. West.
The Large Animal Research Station (LARS) is established on Yankovich Road in Fairbanks under the direction of then-Associate Professor Robert G. White and then-Professor David R. Klein, and IAB Director John Bligh.
Caribou colonies from the Porcupine and Delta caribou herds are established at IAB under the direction of Robert G. White.
In the late 1920s, muskoxen were captured in Greenland and brought to the Bronx Zoo in New York. The animals were then shipped to Alaska by train and then barge to the agricultural station on the University of Alaska campus. They remained in Fairbanks for two years as part of a series of experiments on food requirements of Alaska game mammals. The herd was then moved to Nunivak Island.
John Teal captured a new set of wild muskoxen calves in Greenland and started the first colony at IAB's Large Animal Research Station. Teal later took those animals to start the Muskox Development Corporation in Palmer, Alaska.
Robert G. White, then-associate professor and former IAB director, captured calves on Nunivak Island, Canada, which were related to the Bronx Zoo animals. He brought the calves to Alaska and IAB's Large Animal Research Station to establish a research colony under his direction and that of Robert A Dieterich, DVM.
Francis S.L. Williamson was born in 1917. He received a B.S. from San Diego State University in 1950, an M.A. from the University of California, Berkley, in 1955, and an DSc from Johns Hopkins University in 1968. He worked for many years as a biologist with the Chesapeake Bay Center and published 18 papers between 1955 and 1983. Most of his papers focused on the helminth fauna of avian species. He also wrote on the distribution and abundance of various species of birds. His research investigations were mainly conducted in Alaska.
The Bonanza Creek Long-Term Ecological Research site was established in 1987 as part of the National Science Foundation's Long-Term Ecological Research Program.
Located in Interior Alaska, the program focuses on improving understanding of the long-term consequences of changing climate and disturbance regimes in Alaska's boreal forests. The primary objective is to document major controls over forest dynamics, biogeochemistry, and disturbance and their interactions in the face of a changing climate. The site was originally managed by Keith Van Cleve, Les Viereck, and Ted Dyrness as principal and co-principal investigators.
More than 300 volunteers studied female-offspring behavior during the 10-year run of the Earthwatch Program at IAB's Large Animal Research Station.
Robert G. White's research focused on nutritional and physiological adaptations of animals to the environment (digestive function, nutrient requirements, water and energy metabolism, and intermediary metabolism); nutritional and physiological ecology, and modeling of physiological and ecological processes.
Doug Schamel's public service leadership in the area of science has inspired students and many others in the Fairbanks community to become more involved in scientific endeavors such as the District Science Fair and the Alaska Statewide High School Science Symposium which he co-founded. His enthusiastic leadership among elementary schoolteachers has provided science training and has helped transform two local schools into showcase science programs. Mr. Schamel believes in the importance of getting university students involved in the community and is himself overseeing the development of the Fairbanks Science Center. He is involving many of his students in this effort, among other community projects.
Mark Oswood has been teaching at the University of Alaska Fairbanks since 1977 and is considered by faculty and students to be one of the finest teachers on campus because of his exceptional ability to communicate to students irrespective of their background. As a professor in the Department of Biology and Wildlife, Oswood has directed one of the most productive graduate student programs at UAF. Oswood was central in the development of the new core curriculum and organized the group "Friends of 100 Series Courses" that works to ensure core courses of the Department of Biology and Wildlife remain top quality.
John Bryant's pioneering research in the fields of chemical ecology and plant-animal interactions is highly respected nationally and internationally. His models are widely used in several fields including agronomy, agroforestry, range science, animal husbandry, the drug industry and medical professions. Bryant's enthusiasm and leadership at the Institute of Arctic Biology continues to build the University's reputation for excellence in ecosystem ecology which has been instrumental in the recruitment of new faculty and graduate students. Bryant has been a Fulbright Research Fellow, maintains a highly respected and prolific publication record, facilitates numerous collaborative research programs and is much sought after as a lecturer at worldwide conferences and universities, all while teaching a wide range of courses and advising a large number of graduate students.
In Zimbabwe, Joe Dudley's Earthwatch teams make the first documented scientific records of hippos eating meat, proving that hippos are not strictly herbivores, but actually the Earth's only living "mega-omnivore" species. Dudley earned his PhD from UAF and is a research scientist with IAB.
James S. Sedinger's research focuses on avian life histories, population biology, nutritional ecology and conservation. His research interests include life-histories, population biology and nutritional ecology of avian species, particularly waterfowl and the application of such knowledge to the management of wetlands, waterfowl and other avian populations and to the training of students.
Through his research, Terry Bowyer has made significant contributions to the field of wildlife behavior and mammalian ecology. His pioneering work in the area of sexual segregation of large mammals and in the area of environmental factors affecting wildlife reproduction has proven essential to the basic understanding and management of wildlife resources. His research of river otters in Prince William Sound following the Exxon Valdez oil spill produced breakthroughs in the assessment of the environmental health of other wildlife species. Bowyer strongly believes that educating students is as important to the future of scientific research as are new discoveries, and he involves his students in much of his research and publications of major findings.
Because of his extensive research in plant physiological ecology, and his significant and major contributions to research on global change, Chapin has garnered a reputation as one of the top ecosystem ecologists in the world.
He has one of the highest publication records at the university, and possesses the ability to share his methods and findings with a multitude of audiences. He's also noted for his cross-disciplinary accomplishments.
Chapin leads the research efforts of the Bonanza Creek Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program and serves on numerous committees and editorial boards around the globe. He's an award-winning researcher who still makes time to work with students, including undergraduate, graduate, doctoral candidates and postdoctoral fellows.
The Resilience and Adaptation Program was initiated through a National Science Foundation Integrative Graduate Education and Traineeship grant to IAB. Professor F. Stuart "Terry" Chapin III and then-Assistant Professor Gary Kofinas initially co-directed the program.
Brian M. Barnes is the director of the Institute of Arctic Biology and professor of zoophysiology. His research interests include environmental physiology; adaptation of animals to environments; physiology of hibernation; physiological and endocrinological reproductive mechanisms of mammals.
Current research projects include hibernation genomics: mechanisms for metabolic suppression and neural protection. He is the science director and co-principal investigator of IAB's Toolik Field Station.
The Center for Alaska Native Health Research (CANHR) was established in 2001 through a five-year grant awarded by the National Institutes of Health to the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
The purpose of CANHR is to investigate weight, nutrition, and health in Alaska Natives from a genetic, dietary, and cultural-behavioral perspective.
The original funding came through the NIH program for Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence and the National Center for Research Resources. This project was and continues to developed in partnership with the Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation.
In a 2001 paper, "Sexual selection: Are ducks impressed by drakes' display?" in the journal Nature, Kevin McCracken and colleagues report that the Argentine lake duck (Oxyura vittata), a small stiff-tailed duck from South America, has a corkscrew-shaped penis that when fully unwound measured a record-breaking 42.5 centimeters (or about 16.7 inches) in length.
The IAB Large Animal Research Station is dedicated the Robert G. White Large Animal Research Station. LARS contributed to 13 doctoral and 11 master's degree projects, more than 100 scientific publications and reports and provided support to many visiting post-docs and scientists.
Lawrence K. Duffy serves the University of Alaska Fairbanks with distinction in his multiple roles as teacher, faculty mentor, researcher and administrator, and has provided tremendous learning opportunities to graduate students participating in his extensive interdisciplinary research. His 30 years in research have brought extreme distinction to the University through his work in brain aging, toxicology and environmental science, for which he received recognition from the Alzheimer’s Association, which helped lay groundwork for neuroscience research at UAF. Duffy has secured more than $10 million in funding from outside sources during his career and has expanded his research into areas of particular importance to Alaskans, including both human and wildlife environmental health studies, whose findings enhance our ability to manage and protect our human and natural resources.
R. Terry Bowyer, professor of wildlife ecology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Arctic Biology and Department of Biology and Wildlife is the 2004 recipient of the C. Hart Merriam Award for outstanding research, teaching and public service in mammalogy.
Bowyer’s research focuses on the behavior and ecology of large mammals. He and his students have worked extensively on moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, caribou, Dall’s sheep, bighorn sheep, mountain lions, wolves, coyotes and fisher. While at UAF Bowyer has trained eight Ph.D. students and 20 master’s students, as well as taught in the wildlife undergraduate program. Read more here.
The American Geophysical Union presented A. David McGuire, professor of landscape ecology and co-leader of the Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit of the Institute of Arctic Biology, with the 2002 AGU Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing for his reviewing expertise on behalf of the journal Global Biogeochemical Cycles.
It's always the busiest people who get the most done. McGuire, a professor of ecology for IAB and an assistant unit leader in ecology for AKCFWRU, is busy in spades.
According to his resume McGuire has been published in 64 refereed journals, reviewed 47 proposals for funding agencies, completed 17 research projects, and is actively working on 10 new projects. In between research and teaching McGuire reviewed 87 manuscripts for refereed journals.
"This (manuscript reviews) is what keeps the whole scientific structure afloat," said William Reeburgh, journal editor of Global Biogeochemical Cycles and the person who nominated McGuire for the AGU citation. Read more here.
University of Alaska Fairbanks Institute of Arctic Biology Professor F. Stuart (Terry) Chapin III, one of the nation's leading ecologists and a pioneer in the field of terrestrial ecosystem ecology, was elected this week to the National Academy of Sciences, one of the highest honors bestowed upon a United States scientist. Chapin, who received a 5 a.m. wake-up call Tuesday from NAS telling him of his election, is the first NAS member from the University of Alaska and the first from Alaska. Read more here.
Gerald Mohatt, professor of psychology and director of the Institute of Arctic Biology Center for Alaska Native Health Research at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, was honored by the National Association of Rural Mental Health for his "significant contributions to the field of rural mental health" with the 2003 Victor I. Howery Memorial Award at the group's annual conference in Boulder, Colorado June 24, 2004.
Abel Bult-Ito, former IAB faculty, served as president of the UAF Faculty Senate and associate professor of biology with the Alaskan Basic Neuroscience Program. Since 2000 he has served on more than two dozen committees at the departmental, campus and statewide levels. He has worked tirelessly to facilitate effective communication between the Faculty Senate and university administration and played a leadership role in faculty involvement in performance-based budgeting. He has taken a leadership role in ensuring that UAF continues to be an equal opportunity employer and serves on the Chancellor's Campus Diversity Action Committee. His dedication is not limited to the university. He has served as an advisor for students participating in the Statewide High School Science Symposium and was recently reelected president of the Fairbanks Montessori School Board.
Regarded as an outstanding teacher and mentor of the highest caliber by both students and colleagues, IAB faculty Professor Kelly Drew has been commended for her ability to recognize scientific aptitudes in students who may otherwise have chosen different careers and fields of study. Her insights and emotional support help students identify, clarify and pursue their academic and professional goals, and her care in nurturing the talents of her students fosters a collegial environment that emphasizes mutual respect and recognition of the many viewpoints, skills and interests of the individuals in her classrooms and laboratories.
University of Alaska Fairbanks biology and wildlife graduate student Katey Walter will receive the nation's most prestigious honor for doctoral dissertations by the Council of Graduate Schools today, December 7, 2006, at the organization's 46th annual meeting in Washington, DC.
WHERE AS A. David McGuire has served the University of Alaska Fairbanks with distinction since 1995; and has brought prestige to the University through research that has improved understanding of the role of terrestrial biological processes in global climate systems, particularly as they relate to high latitudes; and
WHEREAS McGuire has maintained a vigorous research program that actively seeks the participation of undergraduate and graduate students, availing students of the opportunity to work on innovative research as part of their educational development; and
WHEREAS McGuire has won international acclaim for his prolific and wide-ranging research; and has been awarded numerous grants, awards and honors; and has established a body of work that will continue to influence the science of global warming for generations to come;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the University of Alaska Fairbanks takes great pride in the achievements and contributions of its faculty and extends its sincere appreciation and gratitude to A. David McGuire; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the University, in recognizing the extraordinary excellence in research demonstrated by A. David McGuire, bestows upon him the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Research Award on this day of May 7, 2007.
Kris Hundertmark, assistant professor of wildlife ecology at the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, received the prestigious Distinguished Moose Biologist award at the 43rd annual North American Moose Conference and Workshop.
The award, which honors an individual who has made outstanding contributions to moose research and management, requires recipients to have extensive field, academic, and administrative experience related to moose and a strong record of writing, editing, and peer review.
"Kris is the quintessential moose biologist," said R. Terry Bowyer, UAF professor of wildlife biology, emeritus, now at Idaho State University. "His research on the genetics and evolution of moose has completely revolutionized the way biologists understand the origins of moose and their colonization of the New World."
The American Psychological Association presented Gerald Mohatt, director of the Center for Alaska Native Health Research at IAB and professor of psychology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, with the 2007 APA Distinguished Career Contribution to Research Award at the organization’s August convention.
"His innovation and seminar scholarly accomplishments are stellar, born fromhis deep and abiding commitment to multicultural issues and topics especially those germane to Indian and Native populations," said Joseph Trimble, professor of psychology at Western Washington University, who nominated Mohatt.
WHEREAS Dr. Gerald V. Mohatt has served the University of Alaska Fairbanks with distinction since 1983; and has been instrumental in establishing an innovative, multidisciplinary program of biomedical health research that addresses issues in Alaska Native health; and
WHEREAS Dr. Mohatt has secured significant grants for the development and continuation of these vital studies; and has been a valued colleague and mentor to other researchers in the program, thereby expanding the breadth and quality of its scope and findings; and
WHEREAS Dr. Mohatt has won the respect of many Alaska Natives for the sensitivity he displays in addressing the particular social and cultural needs and expectations of rural and Alaska Native communities; and for his role in ensuring their close participation in planning, executing and analyzing the studies;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the University of Alaska Fairbanks takes great pride in the achievements and contributions of its faculty and extends its sincere appreciation and gratitude to Dr. Gerald V. Mohatt; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the University, in recognizing the extraordinary excellence in research demonstrated by Dr. Gerald V. Mohatt, bestows upon him the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Research Award on this day of May 5, 2008.
WHEREAS Dr. Richard D. Boone has served the University of Alaska Fairbanks with distinction since 1995; and is an innovative teacher who successfully implements pedagogical techniques he has acquired through external training and through his own self-assessment and impetus; and
WHEREAS Dr. Boone’s dedication to student success and his energetic use of active-learning techniques in the classroom result in consistently outstanding assessment scores from his students; and devotes equal enthusiasm to teaching undergraduates, graduates and lifelong learners; and
WHEREAS Dr. Boone is developing the abilities of others to teach science successfully through the establishment of a graduate course in teaching science at the University; and is seeking to expand excellence in science education throughout Alaska;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the University of Alaska Fairbanks takes great pride in the achievements and contributions of its faculty and extends its sincere appreciation and gratitude to Dr. Richard D. Boone; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the University, in recognizing the extraordinary excellence in teaching demonstrated by Dr. Richard D. Boone, bestows upon him the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Teaching Award on this day of May 3, 2010.
The Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks announced the selection of Brad Griffith, IAB associate professor of wildlife ecology, as the new leader of the Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit effective Feb. 15, 2011.
Griffith is internationally recognized for his research in caribou biology, especially in migration and population dynamics of the Porcupine Caribou Herd, his research on Yukon River Basin ecological structure and function, and his work toward incorporating the effects of climate variability into the structured decision making and adaptive management of Alaska’s wildlife resources.
The National Science Foundation awarded $16.3 million to the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Institute of Arctic Biology in support of the Toolik Field Station, a major site for national and international research in the North American Arctic since 1975.
“With this award Toolik Field Station is now considered a major NSF facility, said Marion Syndonia “Donie” Bret-Harte, principal investigator for the award and scientist at UAF’s Institute of Arctic Biology.
As the Arctic warms, greenhouse gases will be released from thawing permafrost faster and at significantly higher levels than previous estimates, according to survey results from 41 international scientists published in the Nov. 30 issue of the journal Nature.
Permafrost thaw will release approximately the same amount of carbon as deforestation, say the authors, but the effect on climate will be 2.5 times bigger because emissions include methane, which has a greater effect on warming than carbon dioxide.
The survey, led by University of Florida researcher Edward Schuur and University of Alaska Fairbanks graduate student Benjamin Abbott, asked climate experts what percentage of the surface permafrost is likely to thaw, how much carbon will be released and how much of that carbon will be methane. The authors estimate that the amount of carbon released by 2100 will be 1.7 to 5.2 times larger than reported in recent modeling studies, which used a similar warming scenario.
Brian Barnes, Institute of Arctic Biology director, has been named a 2011 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society and publisher of the journal Science.
Barnes was recognized for distinguished contributions to leadership in arctic science and research in hibernation and cryobiology: the study of the effects of low temperatures on living things. Barnes is the director of the UAF Institute of Arctic Biology and the science director at Toolik Field Station.
Climate warming is allowing invasive plants to take hold in Alaska and possibly luring pollinators away from native berries, says Christa Mulder, associate professor of ecology and chair of the UAF Department of Biology and Wildlife.
“If bees and other pollinators abandon native berries for invasive plants like sweet clover, we could see a lot fewer fruits on these plants,” said Mulder, a scientist at the UAF Institute of Arctic Biology who leads a project studying whether the presence of sweet clover can alter the production of bog blueberries and mountain cranberries.
The University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Arctic Biology, Center for Alaska Native Health Research hosted a ribbon-cutting ceremony for its new clinical research facility at the Kuskokwim Campus in Bethel May 3 at 4 p.m.
The 1,378-square foot research space will have rooms for long-distance teleconferencing, physical activity measurements, and nutritional data collection, among other uses.
The Center for Alaska Native Health Research at the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Institute of Arctic Biology has been awarded $5.3 million to continue research on obesity, genetics, nutrition, cancer and resilience in Alaska Natives.
“The next five years are critical,” said Bert Boyer, CANHR director. “We have a good track record with our work over the last 10 years in Alaska Native health disparities. We have a great opportunity to add to our knowledge.”
University of Alaska Fairbanks scientists have identified what they think is the ancestral trait that allowed for the evolution of air breathing in vertebrates. They will present their research at the 42nd annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience Oct. 17 in New Orleans.
“To breathe air with a lung you need more than a lung, you need neural circuitry that is sensitive to carbon dioxide,” said Michael Harris, an IAB neuroscientist and lead researcher on a project investigating the mechanisms that generate and control breathing.
Harris and colleagues think that air breathing likely evolved in an ancestral vertebrate that did not have a lung, but did have a rhythm generator.
Since the 1960s, IAB has hosted an annual costumed ski competition on the UAF ski trails. Awards are earned based on time (fastest and slowest), costumes (individual and team), and time differential (you have to race to understand). Photos of past SkiMass races here.
Initiation of Community Partnership for Self-Reliance and Sustainability, a collaboration of UAF, Alaska Native Science Commission, and rural communities to facilitate implementation of communities’ vision for long-term self-reliance and sustainability. Involves RAP graduate students and Terry Chapin.
A. David McGuire, IAB professor of landscape ecology, and the U.S. Geological Survey has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world’s largest general scientific society and publisher of the journal Science.
McGuire was recognized for distinguished contributions to the field of terrestrial ecology, particularly for the role of arctic and boreal terrestrial ecosystems in the climate system. He is a professor of ecology at UAF’s Institute of Arctic Biology and Department of Biology and Wildlife and assistant leader of ecology in the USGS Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit.
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